1871 - 1945
|Emily Carr was born in 1871 in Victoria, BC, studied art in San Francisco and returned to Victoria in 1893
to set up a studio and do some art teaching. Her first public showings, of conventional watercolours, were
at the annual art shows at the Willows Park Fair in Oak Bay, which began in 1891.
In 1909 she became a charter member of Island Arts and Crafts Society. However, Carr soon felt herself
stifled by the innate conservatism of most fellow members, and, impressed by post-impressionism during a
sojourn in Paris, she re-shaped her style and began to produce the first modernist paintings ever seen in
the province. The reception, even from many Society members, was mixed and sometimes hostile.
Meantime between 1908 and 1912 she engaged in a project to record totem poles in remote First Nation
villages, working in watercolours. The following year she exhibited over two hundred of these images in
Vancouver, but when the provincial government rejected her request to purchase this collection,
discouragement caused her to virtually abandon the idea of professional painting for 15 years and resort to
making a living as a landlady. However, her interest was re-kindled by an interested lodger named Mark
Tobey, a brilliantly progressive Seattle artist.
In 1927 Carr was invited by Eric Brown, director of the National Gallery, to join an exhibition in Ontario,
where she was introduced to members of the Group of Seven. Under such influences, Carr’s painting
reached fruition, and her work on First Nation and nature themes became popular, although her focus now
shifted from aboriginal culture to the wider natural world. Despite such national acclaim, she struggled for
due recognition in her own domain. She was disappointed at the lukewarm public reaction to the Modern
Room as a section of the Society’s annual exhibition in 1932, and a failure to launch a movement for a
People’s Art Gallery in Victoria.
A first heart attack in 1937 began a process of steady decline in her health, and her interests gravitated to
writing. She was to develop a reputation in this field, and her book Klee Wyck (1941) received the
Governor General’s Award. Several other books followed, some published posthumously.
More than half a century after her death in 1945, Emily Carr is regarded as a Canadian icon for her
pre-eminence and originality as a pioneering artist, with an appeal now reaching beyond Canada’s borders.
Emily Carr, Seated on her Verandah
Royal Museum of British Columbia, D-03843
Past Notable Members